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TRAP Laws - Hospitalization Requirements

We're currently migrating this dataset. To explore these data, visit our Legacy Site.

One way states regulate abortions is to impose legal requirements on health care facilities in which abortions are performed. These legal requirements, known as Targeted Regulation of Abortion Provider (TRAP) laws, apply specifically to abortion providers and mandate additional requirements not applied to other similarly situated health care practices. TRAP laws may address various aspects of facilities’ physical environment and operations (e.g., staffing, required practices, hospital transfer arrangements). This website contains datasets for three different types of TRAP laws:

This dataset identifies variation in states that have HR requirements in effect from August 1, 2016 through November 1, 2022. This dataset complements Office-Based Surgery (OBS) Laws, which impose facility and/or operational requirements on non-hospital facilities that provide office-based surgery, procedures and/or anesthesia/sedation.

These datasets were created by a team from the Center for Public Health Law Research with subject matter experts, Bonnie Scott Jones, JD, and Sara Daniel, MPH, of Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health Care (ANSIRH), who conceptualized and designed the study.

**Note: CPHLR is working collaboratively with Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH) on the NICHD-funded Legal Epidemiology of Abortion Policies (LEAP) Study to build longitudinal abortion policy data covering changes from 2005 through 2022. These data will be publicly released on upon completion of the project period anticipated in 2027. To learn more about the LEAP Study, please visit the study webpage.

Dataset Details Supporting Documents
Created by the Center for Public Health Law Research and Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health Care Data
Valid through November 1, 2022 Codebook
Jurisdictions: 50 U.S States and the District of Columbia Protocol